Intestinal Hernia

Interesting Facts about an Intestinal Hernia

Weaknesses in the abdominal wall surrounding the intestines among other factors can cause an Intestinal hernia.  They can quite often be due to pregnancy but can sometimes also be genetic.  Symptoms at times can be scarce and you may not even realize anything out of the ordinary but usually an Intestinal hernia will create a bulge.  The bulge may not cause you pain but can be tender to the touch or sometimes not be tender at all.  If you can push the bulge back into the abdomen it is a reducible hernia.  A truss is usually recommended to wear for a reducible hernia.  It’s a garment that holds the hernia in place and puts pressure on it.

An irreducible hernia can be much more painful and can cause obstruction of the bowel, vomiting and nausea.  This kind of Intestinal hernia can be dangerous because the blood supply can essentially be cut off through strangulation.  This type of hernia requires surgery.  Usually the doctor will use a local anesthesia and make a small incision by the area.  He then pushes the intestines back inside the abdomen and sews the cut up.  A more serious case may require Laparoscopic surgery that uses three small cuts.  A laparoscope and other instruments are used by the doctor by inserting them through the cuts and pushing the intestines back where they belong in the abdominal wall.  This is similar to the other surgery however the incisions are stapled shut instead of sewn.

A strangulated hernia occurs when an irreducible hernia cuts off the blood supply.  These are painful and are considered a surgical emergency.

When the abdominal cavity has increased pressure, it can cause an Intestinal hernia or worsen one that you already may have.  Obesity is a huge cause of hernias.  Being overweight often causes you to strain when you attempt to lift things and this in return creates pressure on your abdominal wall.  Through exercise you can strengthen your abdominal muscles to aid in hernia prevention.  The stronger your muscles are in your abdomen, the more strain and pressure they can safely handle.  Heavy lifting, coughing, straining during a bowel movement and chronic lung disease are additional causes of an Intestinal hernia.

An Intestinal hernia is commonly treated however approximately seven percent of people that have surgical hernia repair have some form of complications.  Recurrence is very common.  Urinary retention and wound infection can also occur as well as fluid build-up in the scrotum and bruising.  There is also a rare chance of testicular damage on the side that has been affected.

Avoid being overweight through practicing a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercise. Avoiding rapid weight loss is also an important factor in preventing hernias.  Your body needs protein and vitamins to build muscles and since it is imperative that you build your abdominal muscles, you need a healthy diet.  Crash diets often don’t’ allow your body nearly enough vitamins to effectively build strong muscles.  Chronic coughing from smoking also increases your risk for hernia so it is imperative to stop smoking.  If all of the other negative side effects of smoking aren’t enough, you can this to the list.  Always avoid straining no matter what you’re doing.  There is a reason people have always told you to lift with your legs and not your back.  It is an important element in preventing hernias and avoiding back injury.  An Intestinal hernia can be treated quite safely with common procedures at any level of diagnosis so if you have symptoms you should consult your physician and get on the track to recovery.